Seventh Biennial Report









JAMES McQUIN, President,



Assistant Teachers.

Teacher of Music

Teacher of Mechanics

Teacher of bead work, etc.


G. W. Perkins



To the General Assembly of the State of Iowa:

     Though not specifically required by law to report to your Honorable Body, the Trustees of the “Institution for the Education of the Blind,” beg leave to present some matters for your consideration, which to them seem essential to the future prosperity of the Institution.

     Hon. Norman W. Isbell and Hon. Rush Clark, appointed Trustees by the act of the 10th General Assembly, approved Feb. 27, 1864, failed to qualify, and Gov. Stone appointed Robert Gilchrist, of Benton county, and Joseph Dysart, of Tama county, to fill the vacancies.

     When the present Board organized August, 1864, they found the condition of affairs such as to require important changes in nearly every department.  The position of Principal was tendered to and accepted by Rev. Reed Wilkinson, whose character as a ripe scholar and successful educator had been well attested by eminent citizens of our own and other States.  Experience has shown the choice to be a happy one. He immediately introduced order ans system throughout, and established a rigid yet parental discipline, which has been well maintained. His zealous and persistent efforts to raise the moral tone of the Institution have been crowned with success.

     A majority of the Board attended the annual examinations in May last, and were highly gratified with the proficiency exhibited by the pupils in the various branches usually taught in common schools and academies, as well as in music, trades and handicraft. It was apparent that diligent exertions had been made to secure thoroughness in all attainments.

     The appropriations heretofore made have been exhausted upon the main building, workshop, and other improvements.  About twenty stoves are used to warm the rooms. It is plain that there are just as many chances for the destruction of the Institution buildings by fire.  In similar Institutions in adjoining States, a heating apparatus takes the place of these stoves, thereby avoiding this almost alarming risk of fire, as well as the frequent danger to the clothing of the pupils, by coming in contact with overheated stoves.  We consider that safety and economy both require the purchase and introduction of such an apparatus at an early date.       

     There is no insurance on the building or furniture. The Trustees doubt whether, under the law, they have authority to cause it to be insured.

     It has been found necessary to keep some cows and a team at the Asylum, but great inconvenience has been felt for want of a barn for shelter, and for storage of hay and grain for their use. We therefor ask you to make an appropriation of three thousand dollars for the construction of a barn, wood sheds, hog pen, fencing, and other incidental improvements.

     The appropriation made by the 10th General Assembly for the current expenses of the Institution were based on the price of the necessaries of life and merchandise, at the time of its sitting.  You are well aware that these have greatly advanced since that time: hence it has been almost impossible during the last year to keep the current expenses within the limits of the appropriation.  We see nothing to indicate the speedy return of former low prices: and in our judgment forty dollars per quarter for each pupil for the next two years will be necessary to keep up the current expenses of the Institution.

     The duties of Matron are arduous. The mental, physical and moral endowments necessary for the position, but few possess. Happily for the interests of the Institution, these are found to be possessed in an eminent degree by the present incumbent, Mrs. N. A. Norton, whose rare executive ability, motherly care, and tender sympathy for the sick, entitle her to the highest praise.  The Trustees consider $250.00 an inadequate compensation, and would suggest that the salary of Matron be raised or the restriction removed, so as to allow the Board to fix her salary, as in case of the other officers and employees except the Principal. 

     If fostered and sustained by you in the future in the same liberal manner as hitherto, the Blind Asylum of Iowa will, ere long, be entitled to the first rank among the charitable institutions of the country.




His Excellency, William M. Stone, Governor of Iowa:

     Sir:—In compliance with an Act of the Tenth General Assembly, the seventh biennial report of the Iowa Institution for the education of the blind is herewith presented.

     In discharging this duty, I am happy to report a continued and increasing prosperity of this noble State charity. I am happy to report also, a cheerful and hearty co-operation of the Trustees, Teachers and officers, in the effort to carry out the designs of its benevolent founders.

     The result, by the blessing of God, has been most propitious. Our numbers have constantly increased. Content, order, and general happiness have prevailed; and the progress of the pupils in science and literature, in the mechanic arts and general culture, has been most gratifying to their friends, and eminently satisfactory to visitors from abroad who have favored us with their calls. 

     While thus cheered and strengthened by success achieved, we do not forget that we are not perfect. But we aim at perfection—and confidently hope, by patient and persevering efforts, to raise many a young man and young woman from a state of comparative helplessness and dependence for support on the charity of others, to a position of honor, usefulness, and the ennobling independence of self support.


         The whole number enrolled for the time covered by this report, is sixty-three—a number as great, if not greater than has been reported at any former period. Of this number five have finished their course and left; five are temporarily absent, and one has died.  The remaining fifty-three are now members of the Institution.

     Eighteen of the number now present are new pupils, having never been here before.

     For diligence in study, for energetic efforts for improvement, and for success in mastering the several branches of science and art, to which their attention has been directed, they are rarely excelled by any school or academy for the seeing.  With teachers to guide them who are “apt to teach,” they learn as fast as the seeing. And justice to the pupils requires to say that their zeal for knowledge and persevering application to study, are worthy of all praise.  The exceptions to this remark are very few indeed.  The great majority evince a due appreciation of the privileges here accorded them by a wise and liberal legislation.


     The Institution has six teachers besides the Principal.  Two for the branches usually taught in academies–two for music, and two for the mechanical departments. Each teacher is amply qualified for his or her trust, and is kind and faithful in the discharge of every duty. This is manifest to every visitor. Their works praise them.

     Nor should less be said of the Matron and Steward.  Both are persons of experience, and exercise the duties of their office with a faithful and wise reference to the comfort of the household, and the best interests of the Institution.


     This is parental, patient, kind and decided.  The discipline of the Institution aims at two things,—a proper restraint, and the formation of a good character. It is deemed to be as much the duty of the educator to aid his pupils in the formation of correct principles, as to aid them in the acquisition of useful knowledge.  To train, and store the intellectual powers with knowledge, and neglect the morals, is to put a sword into the hands of a mad man. While, therefore, our principal object is to discipline the mind and store it with knowledge, the formation of character is not neglected. 


     This embraces, in addition to music, and the reading of Raised Print, instruction in all the branches included in the Common Schools system of the State.

     It embraces also, Algebra, Geometry, Intellectual and Moral Philosophy, Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, and the theory of Surveying. Especial attention is given to Music, for the reason that many of the blind are expected hereafter to give instruction in this science as a means of support.  And for the same reason, all pupils are taught some handiwork or trade.  The males are taught to make brooms and brushes, and the females bead-work, knitting and sewing. In these several branches of industry they make very great proficiency.


     The appropriations made by the last Legislature for current expenses, although very liberal, in view of what was then expected, as to the price of labor and the expense of living, yet as things have turned out, have proved quite insufficient for carrying forward the Institution with, ease and comfort, to say nothing of advantage.  We have had to economize in every possible way to get along at all.  In a course of retrenchment we have discarded not only all luxuries, and some comforts, but have even lessened that degree of variety in articles of diet which is generally deemed essential to a healthy state of body and mind.  Nor do we see any end to high prices near at hand.  It is hoped, therefore, that the Legislature will be inclined so to increase their appropriations for our current expenses, that they shall correspond to the increased expense of living, since their last appropriations were made.


     The number of blind persons in our State is bout three hundred. In view of this fact, it might very naturally be supposed that a larger number than we now have, ought to be here. And so there should be. But the consideration of a few facts will modify our judgment on this point. This Institution is a School, and not an Asylum; an Academy, and not an Almshouse.  A large part of the blind of the State are too old to go to school.  A larger part, perhaps, too young.  A third class are too feeble and sickly; and a few have been educated in the older States before coming to Iowa. When, therefore, the whole number in the State has been discounted to the amount of the sum total of the classes named above, the number left of suitable age, health and capacity, to receive an education, is quite small—considerably less than a hundred. 

     This opinion is the result of careful observation and inquiry.  During the last vacation, the superintendent spent forty days traveling in the service of the institution. During that time he traveled with horse and buggy more than 1,100 miles, and thoroughly canvassed seventeen counties in the eastern part of the State.  The information gained by this canvass led to the above named conclusion.  The percentage of our whole number of blind, now in a course of education, is greater than in some other and older States. Greater than in Ohio or Illinois, yet there are undoubtedly many at home who ought to be here, and would be, if the character and object of the Institution and its facilities for giving an education were more fully known.


     The appropriation made by the last Legislature for improvements, have been carefully applied to the object for which they were intended.    

     But our wants are not fully supplied. Other improvements are greatly needed to remedy present inconveniences, and to add the needful facilities for carrying out properly, the purposes for which this Institution was founded.  Among these, I may mention a new piano-forte, and some instruments for the band.  So great is our need in this regard, that nearly one-fifth of the pupils, who need lessons in the use of these instruments, cannot be accommodated.

     But the Trustees in their application to the Legislature for special appropriations, will specify the particular objects for which they are asked.

     Tables or schedules exhibiting the receipts and expenditures of the institution for the last two years will accompany this report.  All of which, it is hoped, will be satisfactory. 

     The Trustees, with equal regard to economy and utility, have taken great pains to improve the Asylum grounds.  Almost all are put under cultivation; and more than 300 trees—ornamental, shade and fruit—have been planted and are doing well.

     In concluding this report, allow me to remark that the citizens of Iowa have reason to be proud of their noble State charities. They are paying institutions. Iowa has made herself a noble record by the part she has borne in our late struggle for national life and existence.  But here wise and benevolent legislation, as exemplified as in her Common School System and her Asylums, has contributed not less really, if less abundantly, to give her that enviable position which she now occupies amongst the rising empires of the West.  To her youthful vigor and manly virtues, they give grace and beauty. They give her self-respect at home and consideration abroad.  They give increased value to her lands, and attract the better class of immigrants from every country to her hospitable home.  These valuable results are secured, so far as this Asylum in concerned, by a tax of only a four cents per annum on each $1,000 at the taxable property of the State. These investments pay them.  They are among the most remunerative of all investments of public capital. 

     The following tables exhibit the number of pupils who have been and are now connected with the Asylum, and such facts respecting them as the law requires.  Also, the receipts and expenditures for the time now reported, will be found under their appropriate heads.


  Respectfully submitted,
     REED WILKINSON, Superintendent.
                   Vinton, December, 1865.



Pupil List term commencing September 1, 1864


Jacob Bell 29 Monroe county Indiana Inflammation 8 years
Jack Bonesteel 11 Benton county     Partially Blind 
Samuel Bowman Jr 11 Hardin county Indiana Scarlet Fever 11 years
Miles P. Carpenter 14 Fayette county Illinois Ophthalmia 6 years
John Cisna 32 Des Moines county Pennsylvania  Small Pox   21 years 
William Douglas    18 Wayne county Indiana Neuralgia   Partially Blind 
Patrick Dunn 28 Dubuque county  Ireland Inflammation 13 years 
William Hamilton  21 Iowa county  Indiana Inflammation From Infancy
Franklin Hickok 21 Jefferson county Ohio Small Pox 3 years  
Henry Hollenbeck 16 Black Hawk county Iowa Inflammation From Infancy 
Henry Hughes   19 Marshall county Missouri Accident 3 years  
Paleman Lacy 18 Louisa county Ohio Congenital From Infancy 
Bradford McClellan 11 Des Moines county Iowa Inflammation 7 years  
Henry McCoy 31 Scott county New York  Inflammation 24 years 
James W. Moore  16 Washington county  Iowa Accident  2 years  
Stephen Muck 19 Woodbury county Illinois Spotted Fever 2 years  
Jacob Niermeyer  17 Marion county Netherland Scrofula 8 years  
Thomas S. Slaughter  14 Dallas county Indiana  Accident 8 years  
Charles Stevens 37 Scott county Vermont Inflammation  3 years  
George W. Tannehill  25 Madison county Illinois Inflammation 5 years  
William Van Wick Vail 10 Muscatine county  Rhode Island  Water on brain   5 years  
Edward Wetherell 12 Linn county Connecticut Congenital Partially Blind 



Amanda Barnhart  11 Marion county   Indiana Fever From Infancy 
Hattie Blackman  16 Lee county   Iowa Scrofula 5 years  
Jose P. Cisna 23 Des Moines county  Indiana Inflammation From Infancy 
Julia Davis 19 Chickasaw county  Illinois Inflammation From Infancy 
Kitty B. Egan 12 Muscatine county  Ohio Scrofula Partially blind 
Levina Imbody 15 Linn county Indiana Inflammation 5 years  
Maggie Marrin 27 Allamakee county Ireland Small pox 19 years 
Lorana Mattice 21 Clinton county New York Inflammation 5 years  
M. E. McConnaughay 14 Marion county  Ohio Inflammation 12 years 
Emma Norris 10 Black Hawk county Ohio Congenital  From Infancy 
Eliza J. Peddycoat  20 Linn county Ohio Congenital  From Infancy 
Mary Rauth   7 Linn county Iowa Inflammation From Infancy 
Mary A. Rittgers 23 Polk county Ohio Nervous Fever 13 years 
Martha J. Smith 22 Linn county Ohio Inflammation 7 years  
Levina E. Tannehill  14 Davis county Iowa Measles  6 years  
Mollie E. Terry 18 Muscatine county Illinois Inflammation Partially blind 
Mary M. Vanausdol 16 Des Moines county Iowa Inflammation 6 years  
Mary Welch  13 Marion county Ohio Unknown Partially blind 
Jennie M. Wilson 17 Linn county Ohio Congenital  Partially blind 
Lodema Wilson 9 Davis county Iowa Congenital  Partially blind 


Pupil List term commencing September 1, 1865


Samuel Bowman Jr. 12 Hardin county   Indiana Scarlet Fever   13 years
Jack Bonesteel   12 Benton county   Indiana Inflammation   4 years
Albert Burdick   17  Marion county   Indiana   Inflammation   10 years
Miles P. Carpenter  15 Fayette county Illinois Ophthalmia Partially blind
John Cisna  33 Des Moines county  Pennsylvania  Small Pox   23 years
J. L. Christian  25 Van Buren county  Tennessee  Small Pox   1 year
E. G. Cook  28 Muscatine county  Maine   Inflammation   1 year
Patrick Dunn        29 Dubuque county  Ireland Inflammation 14 years
William Douglass   19 Wayne county   Indiana   Neuralgia   7 years
Casper Freeh   17  Lee county    Germany Inflammation    From Infancy
Ashbel C. Ferreby  16  Linn county   New York  Cataract   6 years 
William Hamilton   21 Iowa county     Indiana Inflammation   From Infancy
J. W. Howkins   23  Marshall county    Virginia    Inflammation 4 years
William H. Horrax  16  Ringgold county   Illinois   Scarlet Fever   2 years 
Henry Hollenbeck   16 Black Hawk county     Iowa Inflammation  From Infancy  
Franklin Hickok   21  Jefferson county   Ohio  Small Pox   3 years   
Virgil Long   22  Marshall county   Illinois   Typhoid Fever   1 year 
James W. Moore  17  Washington county  Iowa   Accident   3 years
Stephen Muck   20  Woodbury county  Illinois   Spotted Fever   3 years
James L. Noblett  15  Appanoose county  New York  Accident   2 years 
Jacob Niermeyer  18  Marion county   Netherlands   Scrofula  9 years
M. E. Prine   20  Mahaska county  Indiana   Inflammation   1 year
G. W. Patterson   25  Des Moines county  Ohio   Flame of burning Hospital   2 years  
Thomas S. Slaughter  15  Dallas county   Indiana   Accident   9 years
G. W. Tannehill   26  Madison county   Illinois   Inflammation   6 years
William Thompson  39  Jefferson county  Ireland   Inflammation   3 years 
Edward Wetherell  13  Linn county   Rhode Island  Congenital   Partially blind 
William T. Schofield  26  Muscatine county  Ohio   Accident   12 years



Hattie Blackman  17  Linn county   Iowa    Scrofula  6 years 
Ella Bay   11  Iowa City   Iowa     Measles 4 years
Jose P. Cisna   24  Des Moines county  Indiana   Inflammation   From Infancy  
Rosana Celes   15  Lee county   Ohio   Measles   12 years 
Phebe M. Caldwell  24  Benton county   Pennsylvania  Scrofula   From Infancy
Julia Davis   20  Chickasaw county  Illinois   Inflammation    From Infancy
Kitty Egan   13  Muscatine county  Ohio   Scrofula    Partially blind
Mary E. Gardner  10  Fayette county   Pennsylvania  Accident    3 years 
Mary A. Johnson  39  Lee county   Pennsylvania  Inflammation   4 years  
M. E. McConnaughay  17  Marion county   Ohio   Inflammation   13 years  
Lorana Mattice   21  Clinton county   New York  Inflammation   6 years 
Laura Minkler   17  Delaware county  Ohio   Inflammation   From Infancy  
Emma Norris   11  Black Hawk county  Ohio   Congenital   From Infancy
E. J. Peddycoart  21   Linn county   Ohio   Congenital   From Infancy
Sarah A. Rowan  19  Keokuk county   Tennessee  Inflammation   9 years
Mary Rauth   Linn county   Iowa   Inflammation   From Infancy
Mary A. Rittgers   23  Polk county   Ohio   Nervous Fever   14 years
Martha J. Smith   23  Linn county   Ohio   Inflammation   7 years
Eliza E. Rubell   11  Wapello county   Tennessee  Inflammation   3 years 
Mollie E. Terry   18  Muscatine county  Illinois   Inflammation   Partially blind 
Mary J. St. Peters  11  Benton county   Vermont  Inflammation   2 years  
Carrie Tillatson   23  Story county       Accident   15 years
Mattie Viers   20  Washington county  Ohio   Scrofula   13 years
Jenny M. Wilson  18  Linn county   Ohio   Cataract   From Infancy
Lodema A. Wilson  10  Davis county   Iowa   Congenital   From Infancy 




The whole amount of current expenses from
January 1, 1864, to September 1, 1864    $6,990.40

From September 1, 1864, to December 1, 1865, the current expenses are as follows:


Salaries of Principal and Teachers $2,950.00 
Salary of Steward           664.50
Salary of Matron          325.00
Mileage of Trustees            74.00
Labor         1,382.92
Supplies               423.86
Furnishing           906.57
Repairing           174.49
Shop Expenses           575.97
Minor improvements            83.05
Oils, paints and drugs          192.95
Groceries and provisions      5,082.08
Stock feed           187.51
Live stock purchased          214.99
Music and musical instruments           94.17
Fuel         1,270.64
Livery stable bills              9.00
Periodicals and printing            60.52
Stationary               7.15
Beads for Industrial Department           18.26
Sundries           146.70
Medical attendance                135.00


     The mechanical departments have well sustained, whether we judge of them by the mechanical knowledge gained by the pupils, or the amount of work done

     As I have not the means at hand of exhibiting in detail the condition of these departments for the first eight months of 1864, I give their expenses and receipts from September 1, 1864, to December 1, 1865, only

Male Department

Received for brooms, &c, sold   $1,144.34
Expended for materials, same time  575.97
Proceeds $   568.37


Female Department

Received for bead and worsted work   $   332.90
Expended for materials, same time 151.15
Proceeds $   181.75

NOTE - $33.95 worth of bead-work was contributed by the girls to the Sanitary Fair, at Chicago.



January 1, 1864, To cash on hand as per last report  $1,586.08
February, 1864, To cash received from State appropriation  2,175.00
May, 1864, To cash received from State appropriation  2,710.00
August, 1864, To cash received from State appropriation  2,710.00
November, 1864, To cash received from State appropriation  2,320.00
February, 1865, To cash received from State appropriation  2,290.00
May, 1865, To cash received from State appropriation  2,290.00
August, 1865, To cash received in (drafts less ex. $5.75,)  2,284.75
November, 1865, To cash received in (drafts less ex. $8.85)  2,521.15
  To cash from shop and miscellaneous sales      1,070.60
  Total  $21,957.08
January 2, 1865, By paid O. Clarke, warrant No. 61  $  186.10
  By paid Mrs. H. L. Clarke, warrant No. 62  48.61
July 1, 1865, By paid J. Chapin, adv. on mo. exp. warrant No. 65  3,100.00
  By paid J. Chapin, adv. on mo. exp. warrant No. 66   450.00
  By paid J. Chapin, for Cyclopidia, warrant No. 67  72.75
  By paid J. Chapin, paid teachers warrant No. 68   450.00
  By paid N. C. Robinson, for teaching, warrant No. 69  161.00
  By paid Miss Amelia Butler, teaching, warrant No. 70  100.00
  By paid O. Clarke, 3 qrs as Principal warrant No. 71  525.00
  By paid O. Clarke, Miscellaneous exp. warrant No. 72       672.27
  By paid Mrs. H. L. Clarke, 3 qrs as Mat. warrant No. 73      186.75
  By paid J. Chapin, cash adv. on June exp’s warrant No. 74      700.00
  By paid O. Clarke, Service as Secretary of Board, warrant No. 75        25.00
August 1, 1865   By paid O. Clarke, for subsistence for July, warrant No. 76      251.67
  By paid J. Cummings on exchange houses, warrant No. 77  50.00
  By paid Josephine Porter, assistant teacher, warrant No. 78        25.00
  By paid N. C. Robinson, assistant teacher, warrant No. 79      39.00
  By paid J. Chapin, paid for wood and hay, warrant No. 80  235.50
September 1, 1865 By paid O. Clarke, for subsistence agent, warrant No. 82   338.57
  By paid J. McQuin, mileage, warrant No. 83  15.00
  By paid J. Dysart, mileage, warrant No. 84    6.00
  By paid R. Gilchrest, service on committee, warrant No. 85   6.00
  By paid J. Chapin, service on committee, warrant No. 86          6.00
  By paid S. Tracy, steward, warrant No. 87         40.00
October 10, 1865 By paid S Tracy, subsistence for Sept., warrant No. 88       784.64
  By paid H. D. Day & Co., bill goods, warrant No. 89   350.60
  By paid O. Clarke, Subsistence and furniture, warrant No. 90     162.01
Nov. 16, 1865 By paid S. Tracy, Steward, warrant No. 92  40.00
January 7, 1865   By paid J. Chapin, subsistence for December, warrant No. 105      834.72
  By paid J. McQuin, mileage, warrant No. 106 5.00
  By paid J. Dysart, mileage, warrant No. 107      12.00
  By paid J. Chapin, service on committee, warrant No. 108      12.00
  By paid R. Gilchrist, service on committee, warrant No 109       12.00
February 6, 1865 By paid S. Tracy, subsistence for January 7, warrant No. 110 643.48
March 4, 1865  By paid J. Chapin, subsistence for February, warrant No. 111 1,311.31
  By paid R. Wilkinson, 1 qr. salary Principal, warrant No. 112   175.00
  By paid Mrs. Wilkinson, 1 qr. salary teacher, warrant No 113  100.00
  By paid Miss Butler, 1 qr. salary teacher, warrant No. 114   75.00
  By paid Mrs. Morton, 1 qr. salary as Matron, warrant No 115  62.50
  By paid S. Tracy, Steward, warrant No. 116  135.00
  By paid John Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 117   50.00
  By paid Mrs. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 118  25.00
  By paid Maggie Marrin, teacher, warrant No. 119   87.50
  By paid Jacob Niermeyer, teacher, warrant No. 120 87.50
April 4, 1865 By paid J. Chapin, subsistence for March, warrant No. 121  872.40
May 1, 1865 By paid J. Chapin, subsistence for April, warrant No. 122   499.82
May 31, 1865  By paid S. Tracy, subsistence for May, warrant No. 123  739.76
  By paid R. Wilkinson, 1 qr. salary as Principal, warrant No. 125 175.00
  By paid Mrs. Wilkinson, 1 ar. salary as teacher, warrant No. 126  100.00
  By paid Miss Butler, 1 qr. salary as teacher, warrant No. 127 75.00
  By paid Mrs. Morton, 1 qr. salary as matron, warrant No. 128  62.50
  By paid S. Tracy, 1 qr. Steward, warrant No. 129 135.00
  By paid Mr. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 130  50.00
  By paid Mrs. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 131  25.00
  By paid Maggie Marrin, teacher, warrant No. 132  37.50
  By paid Jacob Niermeyer, teacher, warrant No. 133  87.50
  By paid Mrs. Wilkinson, teacher, warrant No. 135 100.00
  By paid Miss Butler, teacher, warrant No. 136  75.00
  By paid Mr. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 137 50.00
  By paid Mrs. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 138 25.00
  By paid Maggie Marrin, teacher, warrant No. 139   87.50
  By paid J. Niermeyer, teacher, warrant No. 140   87.50
September 1, 1865 By paid R. Wilkinson, Principal, warrant No. 141  175.00
  By paid Mrs. Morton, Matron, warrant No. 142  62.50
  By paid J. Chapin, Subsistence June, July, Aug. warrant No. 143  810.81
  By paid S. Tracy, Steward, warrant No. 144  135.00
October 18, 1865  By paid J. Chapin, Subsistence for September, warrant No. 145   945.90
  By paid R. Wilkinson, traveling exp. warrant No. 146  77.45
December 2, 1865 By paid Mrs. Wilkinson, teacher, warrant No. 148 100.00
  By paid G. W. Perkins, Steward, warrant No. 155  112.50
  By paid J. Chapin, subsistence for Oct., Nov., warrant No. 156        1,651.91
May 11, 1864  To State Warrant, as cash  $  600.00
Sept. 4, 1864  To State Warrant, as cash  800.00
Oct. 20, 1864 To State Warrant, as cash  800.00
Jan. 30, 1865   To State Warrant, as cash 1,000.00
June 17, 1865   To State Warrant, as cash       1,000.00
Aug. 17, 1865  To State Warrant, as cash  1,000.00
  Shop and Miscellaneous sales,     521.26
  By paid M. W. Parker, for trees and setting orchard   $    218.85
  By paid W. H. Young, for fencing  233.96
  By paid Samuel August, for setting fence  28.00
  By paid J. L. Hunt, for fruit and ornamental trees  206.29
  By paid T. S. Palmer, for barrels  4.00
  By paid C. S. Merwin, for clothes wringer  7.00
  By paid C. S. Merwin, for willow fence  20.00
  By paid Brook, Sanders & Co., sundry bills for teaming  35.30
  By paid J. Tracy, for evergreens and setting   80.31
  By paid J. McCarlin, for lumber for fence   59.60
  By paid E. M. Stedman, for grass seed and potatoes  6.98
  By paid Harvey Jack, for maple seed  9.00
  By paid J. C. Stone, for mole ditch  10.80
  By paid M. Donelan, for repairing pump &c.  3.00
  By paid Henry Bommer, Laborer  47.00
  By paid D. Andrews, for breaking prairie  35.00
  By paid L. Ralyea, for seed oats  5.00
  By paid J. M. Crandall, for iron bolts  19.50
  By paid J. Chapin, paid G. Chase for wood blocks  1.50
   By paid L. D. Bordwell, timber for area well  40.00
  By paid Donelan, Arnold & Reed, for masonry on wall  623.00
  By paid Donelan, Arnold & Reed, for sewers, paving, &c. 244.25
  By paid P. B. Smith, for kiln of brick 640.00
  By paid Watrous & Co., freight bills  18.00
  By paid Cutler, Witbeck & Co., lumber for railing  31.05
  By paid W. Stickney, for making railing  100.00
  By paid T. S. Palmer, paints and oil  18.48
  By paid J. Chapin, paid Watrous’s freight bills  9.83
  By paid W. W. Hanford, for publishing proposals  4.00
  By paid Boyd & Sanderson, contract for building shop   2,717.35
  By paid H. Stanton, for lumber  11.11
  By paid William Jack, for lumber 2.71
  By paid J. Western, for painting   8.00
  By paid J. McCoy, carpenter, for repairs  29.50

      From the forgoing, it will be seen that orders have been drawn on the current
expenses account, and paid by the Trustees, to the amount of $13.30, aver and
above the total cash receipts from all sources. 
James Chapin, Treasurer.